How can the value-added model better measure students’ performance?

Posted by Ronald | December 9, 2011  |  50 Comments
Tim Tebow

Tim Tebow’s throwing motion as a NFL quarterback is very unorthodox compared to traditional NFL quarterbacks. Because Tebow does not fit the norm, he has been criticized about his throwing motion and potential to perform effectively as a NFL quarterback. It was not until the Denver Broncos lost three out of four games, coupled with fans complaining vehemently, that Tebow became the starting quarterback for the Broncos.

In contrast to popular beliefs, Tebow’s performance has not only led the Broncos to six wins out of seven games he started but also enabled the team to be tied for first place in the American Football Conference. His professional growth as a NFL quarterback has improved considerably over these seven games. Without the flexibility to perform the quarterback position from an alternative style, Tebow would have been boxed into a one-size-fits-all method for learning and growing on the job. Tebow’s employer would have continued to assess his abilities based on a single measure, the traditional throwing motion rather than multiple factors such as motivation, spirituality, leadership, work ethics, athleticism, social background and prior experience as a winning quarterback.

So the questions to be asked are: How can the value-added model better measure students’ performance? Why should it be an alternative for measuring Adequately Yearly Progress (AYP)? What are the disadvantages of the value-added model?

According to research, the value-added model uses multiple measures to evaluate students’ performance over a period of time. Rather than use a single assessment to measure students’ performance such as a standardized test, the value-added model uses other performance assessments, in addition to standardized test, to measure their achievement. In fact, the value-added model incorporates academic gains of all students according to their baseline or prior achievement levels. It takes into consideration their socio-economic status, race, gender and emotional or behavioral disabilities.

With the current No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) requirements that all public schools meet AYP proficiency of 100 percent in mathematics and reading for all students and subgroups by 2014, research purports that the value-added model should be a viable alternative for measuring AYP. The reason is that students’ performance can be assessed individually from year to year rather than the annual measurable objectives for all students and subgroups. For example, if third grade elementary students’ performance on the mathematics and reading portions of the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) or Georgia Criterion-Referenced Competency Test (CRCT) are above grade level, the fourth grade teacher can assess the growth of these students individually on the same test from year to year. The teacher can also assess the necessary resources to further improve the achievement levels of students regardless of their social, economic and educational background.

Also, the value-added alternative to AYP can provide schools the opportunity to measure the effectiveness of teachers who taught students from year to year. For example, fourth grade teachers who taught the same group of third graders can be measured on how much they contributed to students’ performance on the FCAT or CRCT from year to year rather than the annual measurable objectives for all students and subgroups.

Critics argue that the value-added model has “limitations given that classrooms are not tightly controlled laboratories, students are not randomly assigned to teachers or schools and standardized tests are not perfectly reliable predictors of student knowledge.” Also, the absence of standardized test scores of students, in certain grade levels from a subsequent year, makes it impossible to measure value-added in students’ growth.

According to U.S. Department of Education, 11 state education agencies have filed requests, seeking flexibility from the NCLB. Their applications should reflect locally-designed interventions for their schools such as multiple measures to assess the effectiveness of the schools rather than adopt a one-size-fits-all remedy of the current NCLB.

Minnesota, for example, is making its waiver request to ensure that schools meet accountability standards for students through growth metrics coupled with assessment data of overall school performance. At the recent superintendent of DeKalb County School System faith-based roundtable meeting, Dr. Cheryl Atkinson says that DeKalb is considering a value-added model to assess the effectiveness of its schools and students. Atkinson believes that this growth model will also help to eliminate the misinformation or misunderstanding of AYP data to the public of DeKalb community.

Tebow’s throwing motion as a NFL quarterback is very unorthodox compared to traditional NFL quarterbacks. However, he has proved to his critics that other measures should be used to assess the effectiveness of a NFL quarterback. Similarly, we must consider other measures to assess the effectiveness of students’ performance in America’s schools. The value-added model being tested in various school systems provides an alternative process to measure students’ achievement in lieu of NCLB requirements.

Categories : K – 12 Schools

50 Comments

  1. Art says:

    Quality write, trendy page theme, carry on the great work

  2. Armena says:

    Wow, that’s a really cevler way of thinking about it!

  3. Thank you for another outstanding article. Exactly exactly where else could anybody get that kind of data in this kind of a perfect way of writing? I have a presentation subsequent week, and I’m to the appear for such information and facts.

  4. Thank you so significantly regarding giving me personally an update on this theme on your web page. Please realize that if a new post becomes available or if any modifications occur towards the current publication, I would be considering reading a great deal much more and focusing on how to make excellent usage of those approaches you reveal. Thanks for your efforts and consideration of other individuals by producing this web site available.

  5. Wonderful post will be posting this on my weblog today keep up the good function.

  6. As soon as I noticed this internet site I went on reddit to share some of the love with them.

  7. Hey! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone 3gs! Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts! Keep up the superb work!

  8. Some really prime blog posts on this internet site, saved to bookmarks.

  9. where can i get the RSS feed?!

  10. Eduardo says:

    i read a lot of posts today and yours is the best one i have read ever. i appreciate your attitude.http://www.simbolodamusica.com

  11. Diovanda says:

    interesting stuff, i might search for more information about this, thanks a lot friend.http://www.iguinhojogos.net

  12. Just curious, found you on a google search, how’d you rank so high?

  13. Amélia says:

    the site is great and really very interesting too and this site is ruthless to others.http://www.jogosdoxmen.com

  14. Just curious, found you on a google search, how’d you rank so high?

  15. Many thanks for an incredible put up, would examine your particular others posts. many thanks for your ideas within this, I experienced a trifle struck by this short article. Thanks again again! You wanna make a great time. Portrays natures best by the great info here. I do think if a greater number of people considered it doing this, they’d have a very better time period get the hang ofing the difficulty.

  16. Eveline says:

    fantastic blog for read, i hope all reader will enjoy…keep up the share.http://www.queroouvirmusica.com

  17. Talking about…..

    [...]Spot on with this write-up, I absolutely believe this site needs much more attention. I’ll probably be returning to read more, thanks for the info![...]…

  18. Carmela says:

    thanks for the info, very useful and it helps us a lot.http://www.oculosfeminino.com

  19. Dúlia says:

    hi, great post. i really admire your work and ihttp://www.jogosdocartoon.net

  20. This site is de facto interesting i am craving for is there any other examples? but anyway thank you substantially because I found that i was yearning for.

  21. Élida says:

    thanks for the posthttp://www.iguinhojogos.net

  22. Alina says:

    the information you showed us is very reliable.

  23. You’ve got brought up a really wonderful points , regards for the post.

  24. Hey there, had a challenging time finding your site. Was worth the time. Thanks

  25. Cole Calk says:

    Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed! Very helpful information specifically the last part :) I care for such information much. I was looking for this certain information for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  26. shea butter says:

    Entertaining info for sure. Happy to be a long time reader to the domain Congrats! i are going to before long replace my starting page with your webpage.

  27. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this blog. I am hoping the same high-grade blog post from you in the upcoming as well. Actually your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own web site now. Actually the blogging is spreading its wings fast. Your write up is a great example of it.

  28. Hey there, had a tough time coming about your site. Was worth the effort. Thanks

  29. Cíntia says:

    you’re blog is so well organized, congratulations.

  30. Wow, awesome blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is great, let alone the content!

  31. Hey there, You have done an excellent job. I’ll definitely digg it and personally suggest to my friends. I am sure they’ll be benefited from this website.

  32. Stacey Alaya says:

    It’s perfect time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or tips. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I desire to read even more things about it!

  33. Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite reason appeared to be on the web the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they plainly don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  34. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with some pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is magnificent blog. A great read. I’ll definitely be back.

  35. Louie Deed says:

    This website is known as a stroll-via for all the data you wished about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse here, and you’ll undoubtedly discover it.

  36. shea butter says:

    I have to say that for the past couple of hours i have been hooked by the impressive articles on this blog. Keep up the wonderful work.

  37. Attractive element of content. I just stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact loved account your weblog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing for your augment or even I fulfillment you access consistently fast.

  38. Glenna Lehan says:

    I’m not sure where you are getting your information, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for excellent information I was looking for this info for my mission.

  39. We’re a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your site provided us with valuable info to work on. You’ve done a formidable job and our entire community will be grateful to you.

  40. My brother suggested I might like this blog. He was entirely right. This post actually made my day. You can not imagine simply how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  41. Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  42. An interesting discussion is worth comment. I think that you should write more on this topic, it might not be a taboo subject but generally people are not enough to speak on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  43. Cilene says:

    thanks for sharing such great article. i appreciate the post. keep posting more.

Leave a Comment